Adult females are called cows, adult males are called bulls, and young cattle are called calves. A heifer is the name for a young cow before having her first calf, and a bullock is a castrated male.
We currently have one bullock at the Farm – called Herbie – who was born here at the Farm in December 2015.
Herbie is a Red Poll, a breed developed in England for both beef and milk. They have a gentle temperament and make good mothers. The name Red Poll refers to their colouring and the fact that they are naturally hornless; the word ‘polled’ meaning without horns.
Cows are reared mainly for meat and milk, as well as their hides, from which leather for clothes and shoes is made. Most cheese and yogurt is made from cows’ milk. The cattle here at Surrey Docks Farm are kept mainly for meat, which is sold in our Farm Shop when available.
The Farm’s cattle eat grass and hay, and are also given feeding cubes which contain all the other nutrition they need. They are regularly moved between the shelter of their barn and the open paddocks where they can graze. Listen out for their loud bellowing, which travels long distances and can be heard all around the surrounding area!